Bibliography: Democracy (page 577 of 596)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the I'm with Tulsi website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Bruce Romanish, Norman D. Kurland, John G. Hervey, Catheryn Seckler-Hudson, John W. Wick, Ltd. Milwaukee Rethinking Schools, B. Lee Cooper, Boleslaw Niemierko, G. K. Hodenfield, and Raynald Desmeules.

Rethinking Schools, Ltd. Milwaukee, WI. (1996). Selling Out Our Schools. Vouchers, Markets, and the Future of Public Education. The central issue in educational reform should be how to confront educational inequalities, but the conservative movement has tried to transform the issue from one of inequality to one of "choice." The choice being promoted by conservative forces comes at the expense of community in that it seeks to set up schools that respond to the purchasing power of individual consumers. A market-based system of schooling would destroy the few democratic grains made in public education in recent decades. Two themes dominate in the articles in this publication; one is concern for equality of educational opportunity, and the other is commitment to public education as an integral part of the democratic vision of this country. Twenty-one articles explore educational vouchers and market ideology, and eight focus on public school choice plans and charter schools. Seven articles explore the conservative agenda with regard to school choice. Lists of major organizations affiliated with the economic and religious/far right wings of the Republican party, conservative publications, and progressive groups monitoring the right wing are included, along with a lists of nine books and six organizations as resources on vouchers. Descriptors: Charter Schools, Conservatism, Democracy, Educational Change

Cooper, B. Lee (1985). Mick Jagger as Herodotus and Billy Joel as Thucydides? A Rock Music Perspective 1950-1985, Social Education. Five "rock music as history" teaching units, each revolving around a particular socio-political theme, are presented. The themes are civil authorities, military involvements, the public education system, railroads, and representative government. Descriptors: Civil Disobedience, Democracy, History Instruction, Legal Education

Hodenfield, G. K. (1979). The U.S.-U.S.S.R. Textbook Project, American Education. History and geography textbooks used in secondary grades in the Soviet Union and in the United States are being examined by scholars in both countries for factual errors and ideological distortions which influence how one nation perceives the other. A joint report, with suggestions for improvements, is scheduled for 1980.   [More]  Descriptors: Communism, Cultural Exchange, Democracy, Foreign Countries

Seckler-Hudson, Catheryn (1970). Federal Textbook on Citizenship. Our Constitution and Government: Lessons on the Constitution and Government of the United States for Use in the Public Schools by Candidates for Citizenship. Thirty lessons, including 60 illustrations of maps and charts, provide a study framework for candidates preparing for their naturalization examinations as applicants for U. S. citizenship. Representative government is described in terms of group associations, comparing family, community, church, school, city, state, and national organization. The way in which each immigrant becomes a member of our national group after naturalization is pointed out. Advantages and obligations of group membership are taught, emphasizing citizenship responsibility. Evolution of the United States from Colonial beginnings, the founding of a new nation built upon the Constitution with delegation of authority, and growth of the constitution are presented. The organization, objectives, principles, and interrelationship of city, state and federal government are explained. Special features include a list of things to do and questions to discuss at the end of each chapter, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the U.S., and in index arranged in alphabetical order. The textbook is written with consideration for a foreign-born's limited English vocabulary and experiences. Words that are difficult for those just learning the English language are italicized when first used. These words are then arranged in alphabetical order at the end of each chapter and combined in a glossary at the end of the text. Related documents are SO 001 989 and SO 001 990.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizen Role, Citizenship, Citizenship Responsibility, Civics

Kurland, Norman D. (1979). The Scandinavian Study Circle: An Idea for the U.S.?, College Board Review. The Danes and the Swedes have perfected a form of true community education–the study circle. Sparked by social and political issues, these discussion groups have become an integral part of the democratic process in these countries. The history, theory, and possibilities for American use are outlined.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Community Education, Democracy

Desmeules, Raynald, Ed. (1970). Arts Education for the General Public. In this report appear the results of a Canadian meeting of experts in the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). One paper offers personal observations on arts education trends and dynamics within the Canadian setting, along with hopes for broader public involvement in–and benefit received from–cultural activities. Another considers the role and function of arts education in trnasmitting and preserving elements from different cultures. UNESCO proceedings also outline and discuss current trends (new mass media, educational innovations, investment in the arts, and others) which affect the relationship between the arts community and the general public. Finally, several UNESCO recommendations are offered: decentralized art education resources and means; well-trained educators and administrators for local centers; UNESCO encouragement of educational research; university level training programs for personnel in arts education; organization of more comprehensive international exchange and cooperation programs; another, more broadly based, UNESCO meeting on arts education; and full publication of pertinent UNESCO documents. Descriptors: Adult Education, Art Education, Audiences, Conference Reports

Wick, John W. (1970). Law in American Society. Evaluation Report. The results of the 1969-1970 research program for the Law in American Society Foundation, on the use of Law in American Society materials in grades five, seven, nine, and eleven, are summarized in this report. Two general questions concerning improved achievement on the concepts covered by students using the materials and more positive opinions about aspects of the law and the legal system are posed. Data collected on these questions comes from comparisons between Experimental groups and a Control group and gain scores for two different Experimental groups. After the introduction the report begins with a discussion of sampling and statistical procedures and comments on inherent problems in the research program. Then, a general statement of results summarizes the achievement and opinion changes overall, grade by grade, and includes statistical tests and graphs. Finally, the achievement tests are presented item by item with proportions of students responding correctly and comments and suggestions based on this information; and the opinion panel results, are given for each of the twenty-five items with results for all of the grades on a single graph and comments about individual items and grouped items.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Civil Liberties, Curriculum Evaluation, Democracy

Mathie, William (1991). Philosophers, Gentlemen, and Saints: The Dilemma of Liberal Education, Interchange. Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind" illuminates how liberal education relates to the conditions of individuals and community that make it possible. The article examines Bloom's treatment of how conditions of the soul cooperate in liberal education, identifying dubious aspects of Bloom's understanding of the philosophic experience. Descriptors: Book Reviews, Democracy, Educational Philosophy, Excellence in Education

Niemierko, Boleslaw (1991). Educational Testing in Poland, Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice. The experiences of Poland in educational testing are reviewed from 1918 to 1990. Trends affecting the future of educational testing in Poland are considered. Current economic and political conditions in Eastern Europe may keep educational testing in a relatively minor position as more vital national needs are addressed. Descriptors: Communism, Democracy, Economic Change, Educational Assessment

Hervey, John G. (1970). Federal Textbook on Citizenship. Our Constitution and Government: Lessons on the Constitution and Government of the United States for Use in the Public Schools by Candidates for Citizenship. Simplified Edition. This aid to citizen preparation of candidates with a limited educational background, designed for use in public school citizenship class or home study situation, explains the fundamental principles of a democratic system of government in simple terms and concepts. An effort i s made to use concepts that the immigrant can relate to, such as the social contract and delegation of authority by the people as supported by the Constitution, to help the student understand and appreciate representative government. A short historical account of why and how the United States grew from an English colony into a Federal government is presented along with an explanation of how the failure of the Articles of Confederation lead to creation of the Constitution. Workings of the Constitution are explained in detail with a full description of the checks and balances of Legislative, Executive, and Judical government. Purpose and organization of federal, local, and state government are given as well as interrelationships between the three basic levels of government. Each chapter begins with a quotation from a famous American and ends with a suggested list of discussion questions and study activities. The Declaration of Independence and Constitution are included, as well as a glossary and eighteen illustrations and diagrams. Related documents are SO 001 990, and SO 001 991.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship, Citizenship Responsibility, Civics

Banks, James A., Ed. (1996). Multicultural Education, Transformative Knowledge and Action: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Multicultural Education Series. The 18 chapters of this book document persistent themes in the struggle for human freedom in the United States since the late nineteenth century, as exemplified in the scholarship and actions of people of color and their white supporters. One theme is that the margins of U.S. society, to which people of color have often been confined, have usually been the sites for preserving and defending the freedoms and rights stated in the country's founding documents when they were most severely challenged. The conceptual framework around which the book is organized and the historical roots of multicultural education are described in part 1. Part 2 presents case studies of individuals whose work exemplifies the contributions of multicultural education. In part 3, the work of women scholars and activists in transforming society is discussed. Part 4 describes the rise and fall of the intergroup education movement and research related to prejudice in the 1930s and 1940s. The final section, part 5, bridges the past and the present in describing the school reforms that are needed to promote educational equity and guidelines for changing schools to make them more consistent with a diverse and multicultural society. References follow each chapter. (Contains two figures and five tables.) Descriptors: Blacks, Case Studies, Civil Rights, Democracy

Goicoechea, David L. (1991). Erotic Pedagogy's Noble Lie, Interchange. According to author Allan Bloom, problems in today's university stem from lack of belief in the university's vocation. The paper evaluates his Socratic solution which states the country must recover a belief in and response to the university's primary calling (the promotion of discussion and speculation in a Socratic manner). Descriptors: Book Reviews, Democracy, Educational Improvement, Educational Philosophy

Department of Justice, Washington, DC. (1971). Federal Textbook on Citizenship. English and State Government. Home Study Course. Section 3 for the Student. This home study workbook presents information on the structure and operation of state and local government for naturalization candidates who speak English but who have little or no reading skill. The content is divided into 30 short lessons, with student exercises at the end of each lesson. Simple concepts and terms are used to describe the mandate of state governments, and how the executive, legislative, and judicial branches operate and interrelate. Several lessons are also devoted to an explanation of how county and city governments are organized, and the services they are intended to provide. Taxes are discussed in one lesson on How We Pay for Our Governments. Two chapters take a look at the coordination between the various levels of government, and between the government and citizens. The principles of our government, such as delegated powers, divided authority, checks and balances, are reviewed in a concluding lesson. New vocabulary is noted in each lesson, and at the end of the workbook. (A companion pamphlet, English and State Government for the Helper, should be used in conjunction with this book, since it supplements the problems and worksheets here.) Related documents are SO 001 989 through SO 001 991.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Citizenship, City Government

Fok, Shui Che (1997). Political Change in Hong Kong and Its Implications for Civic Education, Journal of Moral Education. Reviews the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty and considers the implications for Hong Kong civic education. Describes the negligible attention given to civic education previously and discusses some of the reasons for this. Outlines the "Guidelines for Civic Education" introduced in 1984. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Civics, Communism, Comparative Analysis

Romanish, Bruce (1991). Teacher Empowerment: The Litmus Test of School Restructuring, Social Science Record. Urges that teachers be allowed to play a more active role in school restructuring. Argues that democratic ideals cannot be taught by a school system that is not run democratically. Insists that proponents of restructuring and educational renewal must see as central the teachers' control over professional affairs. Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education

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