Bibliography: Democracy (page 551 of 596)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the I'm with Tulsi website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include A. Harry Passow, Donald M. Stewart, Lawrence Angus, Antony Luby, James A. Gregson, Nack Young An, Christine Pascal, Gloria T. Alter, Daryl H. Rice, and Delores P. Aldridge.

Gregson, James A. (1995). The School-to-Work Movement and Youth Apprenticeship in the U.S.: Educational Reform and Democratic Renewal?, Journal of Industrial Teacher Education. Youth apprenticeships are hampered by failure to recognize transformative potential, address worker empowerment, introduce conflict into the curriculum, acknowledge labor market realities, and eliminate tracking. Apprenticeships have potential to minimize youth floundering, ensure educative work experiences, increase earnings and educational attainment, and make school more meaningful. Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Democracy, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change

Alter, Gloria T. (1994). Popular Culture and Elementary Social Studies Transformation, MultiCultural Review. A much-needed reworking of the elementary social studies curriculum might begin with a guiding vision and an integrated focus on a humane and diverse, rational and authentic curriculum. Concepts from critical theory can provide the underpinning for a new and democratic curriculum. Descriptors: Critical Theory, Curriculum Development, Democracy, Educational Change

Stewart, Donald M. (1988). Leadership in a Democratic Society, College Board Review. A major part of leadership is teaching, and the greatest teachers lead their students toward a solid grasp of ethical and moral standards. Successful leadership is inherently moral because it reflects, embodies, focuses, and gives expression to the lasting values of church or synagogue, family, community, group or nation. Descriptors: Citizenship, College Presidents, Democracy, Ethics

An, Nack Young (1987). Student Activism and Dissent in Korea: The World's Oldest Tradition of Its Kind, Chronicle of Higher Education. Middle-class moderates had begun to adopt the confrontational tactics of student protesters when the ruling party in South Korea made dramatic concessions to opposition demands for direct presidential elections. It indicates that politics is beginning to bow to societal conditions. Descriptors: Activism, College Students, Democracy, Dissent

Savage, Donald C. (1994). Universities and Collective Bargaining, Interchange. Responds to David Cameron's "More than an Academic Question" and to the review by Barbara Anderson disagreeing with Cameron's suggestion that democratization and decentralization were a mistake, and arguing for collective bargaining. The paper counters Cameron's support of the continuation of mandatory retirement with reference to the United States' experience, pointing to the Supreme Court's defense of tenure. Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Collegiality, Decentralization, Democracy

Bernays, Edward L. (1986). The Engineering of Consent: An Organized Approach to PR Efforts, NASSP Bulletin. Principals, as democratic leaders, must know how to deal effectively with the public. This article outlines an eight-step plan for achieving public relations goals (or engineering consent), including determining goals, researching the public involved, modifying goals, planning strategy, establishing the organization, identifying themes and appeals, determining timing and tactics, and creating a budget. Descriptors: Democracy, Elementary Secondary Education, Planning, Principals

Luby, Antony (1995). An Enterprising Approach to Democratising the Curriculum: Reflections on a Scottish Experience, Vocational Aspect of Education. Scotland's Borders Enterprise Initiative uses reflective classroom practices, minicompany projects, and development of social and vocational skills to involve students in experiential learning. It demonstrates how the vocational aspect of education can democratize the curriculum through enterprising teaching. Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Democracy, Educational Change, Educational Environment

Passow, A. Harry (1987). Uniformity and Diversity: Curricular and Instructional Issues, Journal of Curriculum and Supervision. In the drive toward "democratization of education," the twin goals of diversity and uniformity (like equality and excellence) are considered desirable even though they often conflict with one another. This paper reviews the history of curriculum design, including bilingual and cultural pluralism influences and concludes that both concepts are essential curriculum components. Includes 26 references. Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Democracy, Differences, Elementary Secondary Education

Mills, Randy (1987). Using Decision at Richmond in the Classroom, OAH Magazine of History. Presents a lesson plan using "Decision at Richmond," a play dramatizing the debate over United States Constitutional ratification, to demonstrate to students the importance of the unique process used to make political decisions in the United States. Descriptors: Constitutional History, Decision Making, Democracy, Lesson Plans

Darling, John (1994). Summerhill: From Neill to the Nineties, Educational Forum. England's Summerhill School is an alternative school based on child-centered philosophies involving, freedom, love of children, and natural development. A recent television program generated negative publicity that could endanger its future prospects. Descriptors: Child Development, Child Rearing, Democracy, Experimental Schools

Rice, Daryl H. (1989). The Mechanics of Delegate Selection: A Typology, Political Science Teacher. Describes the widely varied methods employed by the individual states in the U.S. for selecting national convention delegates. Reports that most states use one of three major systems: the binding candidate preference primary, the participatory caucus/convention, or direct election. Discusses the shortcomings and pitfalls of each. Descriptors: Democracy, Elections, Higher Education, Political Campaigns

Pascal, Christine (1986). Democratised Primary School Government: A Decade of Development, 1976-1986, Educational Studies. Reviews and evaluates the past ten years of policy development of democratized school government in the United Kingdom. Specifically examines the Taylor Committee of 1975, the Taylor Report of 1977, and subsequent development of policy through 1980, including the proposed 1986 Education Bill and Education Act. Descriptors: Democracy, Developmental Programs, Educational Legislation, Foreign Countries

Peters, John Durham (1988). The Need for Theoretical Foundations: Reply to Gonzalez, Communication Research. Responds to Hernando Gonzalez' criticisms (this issue). Suggests two strategies for the definition of communication as a discipline: to give theoretical substance to the central concepts of the field, or to foster an anarchy in central concepts and yet to insist on the intellectual vitality of that anarchy. Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Communication Research, Democracy, Social Sciences

Aldridge, Delores P. (1994). Leadership for Diversity: The Role of African American Studies in a Multicultural World, Challenge: A Journal of Research on African American Men. Explores the role of African American studies in a global world order. As developing nations like Brazil consider racial and ethnic relations under democratic conditions, the African American experience stands as an instructive example. African American studies is uniquely positioned to address the diversity issue around the globe. Descriptors: Black Studies, Blacks, Cultural Differences, Democracy

Angus, Lawrence (1986). Pupils, Power and the Organization of the School, Journal of Educational Administration. Recent arguments for democratization of schools ignore students' contribution to school organization. This ethnographic study of an Australian Catholic high school for boys advances a case for more democratic classroom relationships and for recognizing and encouraging the active role that students can play in constructing such relationships. Includes 45 references. Descriptors: Catholic Schools, Democracy, Foreign Countries, High Schools

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